The name of the language refers to the type of coffee from Indonesia. That’s why there is a cup of coffee in their logo. The programming language appeared in 1995 and was initially claimed as a simple and safe programming method based on C/C++.
The main principle of the Java language lies in the idea of writing a code just once and using it everywhere later, provided the system supports the Java language.
Where is Java used?
- Android applications. Java serves the requirements of this system best.
- Desktop applications. Also, Java can be successfully used for cross-platform development in combination with JavaFX and SWT.
- Systems for enterprises. Java is considered to be a reliable and robust development tool for systems connected to data processing (e.g., banking systems, financial services, etc.).
- Embedded systems. Here we can mention smart-watches, hybrid cars, and the whole domain of the Internet of Things.
- Artificial intelligence. Though MATLAB and Python are considered to be the leaders in this development sphere, Java also has huge potential.
Together with CSS and HTML, JS has become the third main constituent of modern web development. The JS code is interpreted. It means the browser runs this code the moment you visit a web page.
With time, JS has widened its domain, and today it is not used solely for web development. JS is noted for its reputation as being the most flexible programming language.
- Web applications. JS is effectively used in front-end and back-end development. However, in the first case, DOM manipulations have to be performed, and in the second, there should be routing and database interactions.
- Desktop applications. This option also works best when JS is supported by third-party frameworks, such as Electron and NE.js.
Differences and similarities
The similarities between the two languages are very generic. Both languages represent object-oriented programming. Both languages can be used for the development of the front-end and back-end.
Among the similarities, we can also mention sufficient documentation, tutorials, and a large community of both languages. So, the learning curve is well-supported by the resources available online.
As for the differences, there are many. Java code should be compiled while the code for JS is running in the browser. The languages require different plug-ins. Java code is run in a Java virtual machine; JS doesn’t need any additional installations. Java uses block-based scoping while JS is function-based.
The process of developing a web application in JS can become a piece of cake with the support of frameworks and libraries. Those libraries include sets of turnkey solutions that serve common requirements. For instance, if you need to add a calendar to your application, you can take a ready-made component and add it to your project.
There is no need to invent anything from scratch. Besides, if you purchase a license, you are guaranteed to get all the latest updates and releases, together with technical support. This option may come in handy if you need to save money and time, and to be sure everything will work the way you require it to. An example of a reliable product is the Webix JS library. They offer around 13 turnkey applications, which are called complex widgets, that can be used straight away.
To sum up, which language is better?
However, knowing both of them significantly increases the potential of a candidate to find a well-paid job. So, probably the question of which to choose should be changed to which of them to start learning first.